In black and white

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Anonymous; 1800a

Anonymous, «Armerías de España», 124 double pages, title in the page 9, provenance Duke of Osuna and Infantado, 1800.

Surnames Rondinos, Rojas - Roxas, Rozas, Ruas, Ruanes, Rubios, Ruedas

Content

The book has no index and its content, written by hand, is as follows:

  • Pages 1 through 8 are blank.
  • On page 9, title, the letter A begins and surnames Abarca, Abendaño, Abeo, Ablitas and Abrego in large handwritten and the blazon in small handwritten (except for the end of the book on page 123, the unknown author seems to write more about surnames than about lineages).
  • On page 10, the surnames with the letter A continue and their blazon both in small handwritten.
  • On page 23, the letter B begins, its surnames and their blazons, for example, the Barrasas, in the page 25, «Or, six Lions proper, combatant».
  • On page 30, the letter C begins, it is followed by the letter Z on page 42, 29 surnames with Z was written before the letter D and Cocas and Cuacas, with the letter C, are inserted inside the letter Z.
  • It follows in alphabetical order of surnames from page 46, where the letter D begins, to page 97 with the letter S, including in the S the surname Sánchez on page 99, as a lineage will be included at the end of the book, and it follows with the letter S until the page 104.
  • On page 105 the letter T begins, surname Tabixas, Taboadas, Tafuxes, ...
  • On page 109 jump from the letter T to the letter V, with the surnames Vacas, Vadillos,... and skipping the letter U.
  • On page 119, it returns from letter V to U, in an unordered manner and without including the title with the capital letter U.
  • On page 120, begins the letter X and also the letter Y.
  • On page 122, the letter Z and only 3 additional surnames with Z, recall that the majority of the surnames with Z were included after the letter C.
  • On page 123 he returns to the surname Sánchez by testimony of Pedro de Soto owner of the books of Armory of Spain of Andreas Heredia, King of Arms, and finally the unknown author copies the text for the surname Sánchez, those who were «hijosdalgos, en Cangas de Gobadonga» ~ Covadonga of Asturias and ends with a poem of 8 verses. Andreas Heredia, also known as Andrés Heredia, was King of Arms during the reign of Philip III of Spain, [Nieto y Cortadellas, R.; 1957a; Page 4]
  • Beginning on page 124 are blank.

Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: Manuscript, In black and white and Castilian language.

The author is unknown.

External links:

Internal resources: Osuna1800.ArmeriaEspaña.Manuscrito.pdf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Arco y García, F. del; 1996a

Fernando del Arco y García, «Introducción a la Heráldica», 142 pages, Collection Burgundy Pursuivant, edited by Prensa y Ediciones Iberoamericanas SL, printed by Gráficas Joma, Legal deposit M-5240, ISBN 84-86568-64-1, Madrid, 22nd of february of 1996.

2 pages about different kinds of mottos

Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: In black and white and Castilian language.

The author is Arco y García, Fernando del.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Arco y García, F. del; 1996b

Fernando del Arco y García, «Metodo de blasonar», 75 pages, Colección Perseverante Borgoña, edited by Ateneist Group of Vexilological, Heraldic and Genealogical Studies, printed by Gráficas Joma, Legal deposit M. M-5240, ISBN 84-606-2768-3, Madrid, 1996.

Fernando del Arco y Garcia, The method of writing blazons, 1996

Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: In black and white and Castilian language.

The author is Arco y García, Fernando del.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Argote de Molina, G.; 1588

Gonzalo Argote de Molina, «Nobleza de Andalucía», dedicated to King Philip II of Spain, with about 500 coat of arms engraved, printed by Fernando Díaz, Seville, 1588.

There are other editions, for example, the edition by Francisco López Vizcaíno, 799 pages, Jaen, 1867, or facsimile edition by Riquelme y Vargas Ediciones SL, Jaén, 1991, my copy is the number 1268.

Portocarrero, Gonzalo Argote de Molina, edition of 1991
Argote de Molina, First Book, page 38, 8 coat of arms.

Bibliographical reference of century XVI.

Classification: Castilian language and In black and white.

The author is Argote de Molina, Gonzalo.

External resources:

Internal resources: ArgoteMolinaG1588.22.NoblezaAndalucia.Madrid.pdf is the 1588 edition in PDF format, ArgoteMolinaG1588.23.Bne.Baja.resolucion.R10805.pdf is the 1588 edition in PDF format and low resolution, ArgoteMolinaG1588.24.Bne.Alta.resolucion.R26842.pdf is the 1588 edition in PDF format and hight resolution, ArgoteMolinaG1588.25.NoblezaAndalucia.1867.pdf is the 1866 edition in PDF format for Adobe Reader only and a facsimile edition as a physical book on paper.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1725a

J. Avilés, volume I, page 159 of the year 1725 and 177 of year 1780

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Volume I», dedicated to Juan Bautista de Orendyn of His Majesty's Council, printed by Juan Piferrer of the Ángel's Square, 530 pages. Barcelona, 1725.


[Avilés, J.; 1780a] is a later edition of this Volume I.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: In black and white and Castilian language.

The author is Avilés e Iturbide, José.

Bibliographic reference mentioned in the following articles:

External links:

Internal resources: AvilesJ1725.Tomo.I.pdf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1725b

J. Avilés, volume I, page 161 of the year 1725 and page 179 of the 1780, per pale

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Volume II», que dedicated to Juan Bautista de Orendyn (Juan Bautista de Orendáin y Azpilicueta) of His Majesty's Council, printed by Juan Piferrer of the Ángel's Square, 404 pages. Barcelona, 1725.


[Avilés, J.; 1780b] is a later edition of this Volume I.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: In black and white and Castilian language.

Author: Avilés e Iturbide, José.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External links:

Internal resources: AvilesJ1725.Tomo.II.pdf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1780a

J. Avilés, volume I, page 159 of the year 1725 and 177 of year 1780

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Volume I», edition of Joaquín Ibarra, printer of his Majesty's Chamber, at the expense of the Company of Printers and Booksellers of the Kingdom, Madrid, 1780.


The first edition is [Avilés, J.; 1725a] and this edition is 14 years after the death of José de Avilés, that happened in 1766.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: In black and white and Castilian language.

Author: Avilés e Iturbide, José.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1780b

J. Avilés, tomo I, página 161 de 1725 y 179 de 1780, cortado

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Tomo II», edition of Joaquín Ibarra, printer of his Majesty's Chamber, at the expense of the Company of Printers and Booksellers of the Kingdom, Madrid, 1780.


The first edition is [Avilés, J.; 1725b] and this edition is 14 years after the death of José de Avilés, that happened in 1766.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: In black and white and Castilian language.

Author: Avilés e Iturbide, José.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Burke, B.; 1842

Sir Bernard Burke, C. B., LL. D., Ulster King of Arms, «The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; Comprising a Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time», Harrison, London, 1842.


Sir Bernard Burke, C. B., LL. D. (1814-1892), also cited as John Bernard Burke, was a British genealogist. He was son of the genealogist John Burke (1787–1848). In 1853, Sir Bernard Burke was appointed Ulster King of Arms.

I use to consult [Burke, B.; 1989] and [Burke, B.; 2009].


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: In black and white and English language.

Author: Burke, Bernard.

Here are the articles quoting this reference:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Burke, B.; 1989

Sir Bernard Burke, C. B., LL. D., Ulster King of Arms, «The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; Comprising a Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time», edited by Heraldry Today, printed by Redwoods Books, 1185 pages and an initial supplement with 130 pages, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, 1989.

edited by Heraldry Today, printed by Redwoods Books

Its first edition was [Burke, B.; 1842].


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: In black and white and English language.

The author is Burke, Bernard.

Here are the articles quoting this reference:

Internal resources: Paper edition.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Burke, B.; 2009

Sir Bernard Burke, C. B., LL. D., Ulster King of Arms, «The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; Comprising a Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time», Heritage Books, 496 pages, Berwyn Heights, Maryland, 2009.


In [Burke, B.; 1842] all editions of this book can be consulted.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: In black and white and English language.

The author is Burke, Bernard.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Cadenas y Vicent, V. de; 1975

Vicente de Cadenas y Vicent, Dean King of Arms, «Fundamentos de Heráldica (Ciencia del Blasón)», Instituto Salazar Castro (C. S. I. C. Higher Center for Scientific Research), edited by Ediciones Hidalguía, 212 pages, Madrid, 1975.

Edition of 1994, Dean King of Arms

Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: In black and white.

The author is Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente de.

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Calvo, P.; 1501

Pedro Calvo, origin and application of funds, totals

Pedro Calvo, notary and alderman of the city of Calatayud, «Libro de cuentas de la ciudad de Calatayud» ~ «Account book of the city of Calatayud», literal title, «Libro dela data fecha por pedro calvo notao Regidor dela ciutat de Calatayut enel anyo de mil Quinientos y uno», manuscript restored with cover, back cover and Mudejar style binding, 2 blank pages behind the cover and the back cover, 76 inner pages of 300 x 230 mm, of which 7 could be in white and in even position, 3 in white among the first 20 pages, 1 blank towards the middle of the book and another 3 blank between the last 20 pages, final annotation with the term «cabreo», Calatayud, 1501.


Bibliographical reference of century XVI.

Classification: Manuscript, In black and white and Castilian language.

Author: Calvo, Pedro.

External links:

Internal resources: CalvoP1501.CalatayudDataOriginal.pdf book as a sequence of available pages and CalvoP1501.CalatayudDataPaginado.pdf book recomposed in sequence of odd and even pages, with blank pages inserted to recover lost sequences.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Conway, D. J.; 2018

D. J. Conway, «Magickal, Mystical Creatures: Invite Their Powers into Your Life», 272 pages, published by Llewellyn Publications, Woodbury, 2018.

How to paint Griffin statant, wings endorsed, Or

Index of fabulous beasts

  • Unicorns, page 15, including Ki-Rin, Sin-You, Karkadann, Goat-Unicorns, Winged Sea-Unicorns;
  • Flying Horses, page 29, including Pegasus, Winged Sea-Pegasus, Arabian-Burak, Sleipnir, Alsvidr, Arvakr;
  • Centaurs, page 39;
  • Satyrs and Fauns, page 51, including Jack in the Green, Pan, Urisk;
  • Gigantic Birds, in the page 63 the part I begins and in the page 71 the part II begins;
  • Human-Birds, page 79, including Garuda, Tengu, Egyptian Ba;
  • Griffins, page 89, including Griffin-Demons, Hippogriff, Senmurv, Simurgh;
  • Mystical Bulls and Bull-Men, page 99;
  • Fabulous Lions, page 105;
  • Magical Serpents, page 115;
  • Riddling Sphinx, page 131;
  • Mad Dogs and Hell Hounds, page 137;
  • Water-Folk, page 153;
  • Creatures of the Stony Stare, page 183;
  • Gargoyles, page 189;
  • Other Magical, Mythical Creatures, page 197.

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Symbolism, In black and white and English language.

The author is Conway, Deanna D. J..

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Costa y Turell, M.; 1858

Modesto Costa y Turell, «Tratado completo de la ciencia del blasón, o sea, Código heráldico-histórico; acompañado de una estensa noticia de todas las órdenes de caballería existentes y abolidas», Second edition corrected and augmented, 7 pages of prologue, 554 page, 26 pages with illustrations; size 25 centimeters, published by Libreria Española y Libreria de El Plus Ultra, Madrid, 1858.


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Castilian language and In black and white.

Author: Costa y Turell, Modesto.

External resources:

Internal resources: CostaTurellM1858.33.paginas.597.pdf in PDF format for Adobe Reader.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

González Echegaray, M. C.; 1969

Coat of arms of Cantabria

Maria del Carmen González Echegaray, «Escudos de Cantabria», 5 volumes, Volume I Merindad de Trasmiera, 376 pages, Volume II, Asturias de Santillana I, 474 pages, Volume III, Asturias de Santillana II, 388 pages, Volume IV, Asturias de Santillana y Bajo Asón, 434 pages, y Volume V, Valle de Sobra, Ruesga, Pas, Liendo, Guriezo y Provincia de Liébana, 314 pages, Legal deposit: Vi. 514-1969, edited by Joaquin Bedia Cano, Santander, printed by H. Fournier, Vitoria, 1969.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Castilian language and In black and white.

The author is González Echegaray, Maria del Carmen..

External links:

Internal resources: GonzalezEchegarayMC1969.11.EscudosCantabria, Volume I Merindad de Trasmiera, 34 Mbytes, GonzalezEchegarayMC1969.12.EscudosCantabria, Volume II, Asturias de Santillana I, 31 Mbytes, GonzalezEchegarayMC1969.13.EscudosCantabria, Volume III, Asturias de Santillana II, 26 Mbytes, GonzalezEchegarayMC1969.14.EscudosCantabria, Volume IV, Asturias de Santillana y Bajo Ason, 22 Mbytes and and GonzalezEchegarayMC1969.15.EscudosCantabria, Volume V, Valle de Sobra, Ruesga, Pas, Liendo, Guriezo y Provincia de Liebana, 18 Mbytes.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Lainé, P. L.; Lainé, J. J. L.; 1828

P. Louis Lainé, J. J. L. Lainé, «Archives généalogiques et historiques de la noblesse de France, ou, Recueil de preuves, mémoires et notices généralogiques, servant à constater l'origine, la filiation, les alliances et lés illustrations religieuses, civiles et militaires de diverses maisons et familles nobles du royaume; Avec la collection des nobiliaires généraux des provinces de France», 11 volumes from 1828 to 1850, published by M. Lainé, printed by De Hauquelin et Dautriche, París, 1844.


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: French language and In black and white.

The 2 authors are Lainé, P. Louis and Lainé, J. J. L..

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Marecki, J.; 2012

Józef Marecki, «Barwa w heraldyce» ~ «Color in heraldry», [Redakcja, P.; Mareckiego, J.; Rotter, L.; 2012; páginas 65-81], edited by Wydawnictwo Naukowe ~ Scientific Editorial of la Uniwersytet Papieski Jana Pawla II, 17 pages, Cracow, 2012


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Symbolism, In black and white, Polish language and Article.

The author is Marecki, Józef.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Menestrier, C. F.; 1659

Claude-François Menestrier, member of the Society of Jesus, «Le veritable art du blason et la pratique des Armoiries depuis leur Institution», «Auec Privilege du Roy»~avec le privilège du roi, 10 pages of introduction, 415 pages of content, 14 pages of indexes and 339 pages in total, Chez Benoît Coral, ruë Merciere à la Victoire, Lyon, 1659.

Le veritable art du blason, pages 33, 62, 75, 312, and 315

Bibliographical reference of century XVII.

Classification: In black and white and French language.

Author: Menestrier, Claude-François.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Redakcja, P.; Mareckiego, J.; Rotter, L.; 2012

Pod Redakcja, Józefa Mareckiego y Lucyny Rotter, «Symbol - Snak - Przeslanie: Barwy i Ksztalty» ~ «Symbol - Sign - Message: Color and Shape», edited by Wydawnictwo Naukowe ~ Scientific Editorial of the Uniwersytet Papieski Jana Pawla II, 179 pages, ISBN 978-83-7438-321-9 Cracow, 2012


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Symbolism, In black and white and Polish language.

Authors:

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External resources:

Internal resources: RedakcjaPMareckiegoJRotterL2012.33.SymbolSignMessageColorShape.pdf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Urfé; Siglo XV

Relationship between the numbering of the pages and the index in the Armorial of Urfe

Urfé, unknown authors, «Armorial Urfe», is currently in National Library of France (BnF, Bibliothèque nationale de France), in Paris, «Cabinet des titres» 927 as indicated on page I, cataloged with the code ms. fr. 32753, it is estimated from the XV century.


Bibliographical reference of century XV.

Classification: Armorial roll, Manuscript, In black and white and French language.

Author: anonymous.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Wade, W. C.; 1898

William Cecil Wade, «The symbolisms of heraldry or A treatise on the meanings and derivations of armorial bearings», 186 pages, 95 black and white pictures, Robert Holmes Collection, published by George Redway, London, 1898.


Although Romanticism sought the symbolism of the heraldic elements, I believe that the meaning of the elements of the coat of arms, if they have it, is provided by its creator or first bearer. In any case, the content of this symbolic book is the following:

William Cecil Wade, 1898, cover and pages 78-79 y 61
  • The origin of armorial bearings; page 11.
  • The symbolic side of heraldry; page 13.
  • Heraldic colours and metals; page 35.
  • The furs of heraldry; page 38.
  • The meaning of heraldic lines; page 40.
  • The symbolisms of the ordinaries; page 43.
  • The division lines of the shield; page 55.
  • The colours of the common charges not symbolical, chapter with 2 paragraphs only; page 57.
  • Symbolisms of the common charges; page 59.
  • Crowns, mitres, episcopal hats, etc.; page 138.
  • Examples of symbolisms of colours and armorial bearings; page 149.
  • Cadency and differencing; page 154.
  • Alphabetic index; page 162.

Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Symbolism, In black and white and English language.

The author is Wade, William Cecil.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External resource:

Internal resources: WadeWC1898.SymbolismsHeraldry.pdf.

 

Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, 7th floor,
28046 Madrid, Spain.