Schemas and delineations

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Scheme with a fess and a cross

SaboyaD 23 Esquema Cruz Faja jpg

Proportions of the cross and its similarity with the fess.


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Fess and Cross.

Style keywords: Semi-circular.

Classification: Schema and Coat of arms.

Bearer: Saboya, Ducado de.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Dimidiation vs. impalement, comparative schema

Dimidiacion 12 Dimidiation Dimidiated jpg

Dimidiation~dimidiated vs impalement~impaled.


Blazon keywords: Azure, Argent and Dimidiated.

Style keywords: Outlined in sable.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Thomas Grenville, painting schema

Gules, three Clarions Or.

The painting of the coat of arms of Thomas Grenville in 3 steps tracing, tincture and illumination

Gules, three Clarions Or.


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Gules, Three, Clarion and Or.

Style keywords: Freehand, Spot ink and Illuminated.

Classification: Interpreted, Kingdom of England and Schema.

Bearer: Grenville, Thomas.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Mantling Azur doubled Or, process

Sinister Mantling Azur doubled Or.

Sinister Mantling Azur doubled Or.

This image shows 3 working steps: a) drawing the diapering called Chinapieria, b) plain tinctures colour azur and metal or and c) the sinister mantling diapered and already finished.


Blazon keywords: Azure, Or, Mantling and Diapered.

Style keywords: Freehand, Outlined in sable, Spot ink and Illuminated.

Classification: Created, Chinapieria and Schema.

Bearer: Club Ecuestre Val'Quirico.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Standard, schema from h to h/2

JucherVBQR 17 Standard Schema jpg

Ratio of heights

This is an schema to draw and standard. I do not use a fixed geometry, but in this case, I draw a 1/2 ratio between hightest side h at the flagpole and the diameter d of the circle on the end (see the lines and text Gules in the schema). The lenght of the standard depends on the bearer range and the kingdom, there are tables, but I only use them under the bearer instrucctions.

How to split the motto

Be aware about how to split the motto, the 1st line on the left (from the observer point of view, the heraldic dexter) and the 2nd line on the right (from the observer point of view, the heraldic sinister).

Coat of arms inside the standard

The coat of arms is near the flagpole and I use to make enough space for a shield with a 5/6 ratio between its base and its height (lines and text Vert in the schema).


Style keywords: Freehand.

Classification: Flag, Personal and Schema.

Bearer: Juchter van Bergen Quast, Rudolf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Quarterly Or and Argent and quarterly Gules and Argent, comparison

Quarterly Or and Argent, schema

The rule of tincture, «metal should not be put on metal, nor colour on colour», is the most famous rule of the heraldry. In the divisions of the field, for example, party per fess, party per pale, quartered, etc., the tinctures are beside each other, not one on top of the other, because the divisions are not charges, so the rule of tincture does not apply. Although as a rule of aesthetics may be useful in the case of divisions.

Quarterly Gules and Argent, schema

Blazon keywords: Quarterly, Argent, Gules and Or.

Style keywords: Freehand, Outlined in sable, Spot ink and Illuminated.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Cross potent, cross moline, and cross of Jerusalem, comparison

Sketch366 16 Cruz Potenzada Ancorada Jerusalen jpg

A Gules and Or comparison between cross potent, cross moline, and cross of Jerusalem


Blazon keywords: Gules, Or, Cross potent, Cross moline, Cross of Jerusalem and Cross.

Style keywords: Freehand, Outlined in sable and Illuminated.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Castilian castle

A Castle Or, triple towered, embattled, port and windows Azure, and masoned Sable.

A Castle Or, triple towered, embattled, port and windows Azure, and masoned Sable.

Un castillo de oro, aclarado de azur, mazonado de sable.

Some of the characteristics of the Castilian castle are specified in the coat of arms in English, for example, «triple towered, embattled», but they are omitted in the Spanish blason, because the Spanish blason considered that the Castilian castle can not be otherwise. These local characteristics, that decades ago were not necessary to specify, could begin to have to be in this global and interconnected heraldic world. [Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2009a] describe the different characteristics between the Castilian, the French, and the English castles among others.


Blazon keywords: Castle, Or, Port and windows, Azure, Masoned and Sable.

Style keywords: Freehand.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1725a

J. Avilés, volume I, page 159 of the year 1725 and 177 of year 1780

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Volume I», dedicated to Juan Bautista de Orendyn of His Majesty's Council, printed by Juan Piferrer of the Ángel's Square, 530 pages. Barcelona, 1725.


[Avilés, J.; 1780a] is a later edition of this Volume I.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

The author is Avilés e Iturbide, José.

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1725b

J. Avilés, volume I, page 161 of the year 1725 and page 179 of the 1780, per pale

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Volume II», que dedicated to Juan Bautista de Orendyn (Juan Bautista de Orendáin y Azpilicueta) of His Majesty's Council, printed by Juan Piferrer of the Ángel's Square, 404 pages. Barcelona, 1725.


[Avilés, J.; 1780b] is a later edition of this Volume I.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Author: Avilés e Iturbide, José.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1780a

J. Avilés, volume I, page 159 of the year 1725 and 177 of year 1780

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Volume I», edition of Joaquín Ibarra, printer of his Majesty's Chamber, at the expense of the Company of Printers and Booksellers of the Kingdom, Madrid, 1780.


The first edition is [Avilés, J.; 1725a] and this edition is 14 years after the death of José de Avilés, that happened in 1766.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

The author is Avilés e Iturbide, José.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Avilés, J.; 1780b

J. Avilés, tomo I, página 161 de 1725 y 179 de 1780, cortado

José de Avilés e Iturbide, Marquis of Aviles, member of the Supreme Council of War, «Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón: Ilustrada con exemplares de todas las piezas, figuras y ornamentos de que puede componerse un escudo de armas interior y exteriormente, Tomo II», edition of Joaquín Ibarra, printer of his Majesty's Chamber, at the expense of the Company of Printers and Booksellers of the Kingdom, Madrid, 1780.


The first edition is [Avilés, J.; 1725b] and this edition is 14 years after the death of José de Avilés, that happened in 1766.


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Author: Avilés e Iturbide, José.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Drawing the arcs of a pointed coat of arms

Dexter arc, drawing the arcs of a pointed coat of arms

There are several methods to draw a pointed coat of arms, for example, the method of [The Heraldry Society; 2013; page 7]. There are also several pointed coat of arms with the ratio 5/6 between its width b and its height h.

The previous illustation shows my method to draw a 5/6 pointed coat of arms. The center Cd of the dexter arc is 17h/36 = 17b/30 from the top of the shield and its radious is 13h/24 = 13b/20, or what is the same, its diameter is 13h/12 = 13b/10.

The position of the Cs of the sinister arc and its construction is symmetric to the dexter arc with respect to the vertical axis, as shown in the following illustration.

Sinister arc, drawing the arcs of a pointed coat of arms

Style keywords: Freehand and Pointed.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Unicornio saltante sobre la divisa, criterio.

Invected and engrailed

NisbetA 25 AcanaladoAngrelado Esquema jpg

Bordure invected and bordure engrailed.

System of Heraldry, 1816, page 21, pictures 1 and 2

Categories: Criterion, Schema, Semi-circular, Bordure, Invected and Engrailed.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Alexander Nisbet, schema

NisbetA 24 AngreladoAcanalado Esquema jpg

Bordure invected and bordure engrailed.

Painting inspired in [Nisbet, A.; 1816; page 21, pictures 1 and 2], but with the 3 boar's heads of Alexander Nisbet within the 2nd bordure invected.

Blazon writen by the College of Arms for the coat of arms of Michael John Huxley-Evans «Per fess nebuly Sable and Ermine in chief a Rose Argent barbed and seeded proper within a wreath of Thorns Or in base three Boar's Heads erased Sable armed Or.», but to differentiate from the «armed» of the claws, I prefer «tusked» to «armed» for the defenses/tusks of the boar's heads.


Blazon keywords: Bordure, Invected, Engrailed, Head and Boar.

Style keywords: Semi-circular.

Classification: Schema.

Bearer: Nisbet, Alexander.

 

Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, 7th floor,
28046 Madrid, Spain.