Azure

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

John de Beauchamp

Vair.

Joan de Beauchamp ~ John de Beauchamp.

Vair.

Escudo de veros.

Interpreted coat of arms, the shape of the shield is triangular and curved plain tinctures metal Argent and colour Azure, outlined in sable; and a free hand finishing.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 64] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 64].


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Vair, Argent and Azure.

Style keywords: Triangular curved, Spot ink, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Juan de Beauchamp.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Edmund de Bassingburnn

Gironny, Or and Azure.

Edmund de Bassingbourne ~ Edmund de Bassingburnn.

Gironny, Or and Azure.

Jironado, oro y azur.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 82] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 82].


Blazon keywords: Gironny, Eight, Or and Azure.

Style keywords: Pointed, Spot ink, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Edmundo de Bassingbourne.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Ricardo de Mandeville

Azure, Fretty Or.

Azure, Fretty Or.

Escudo de azur, fretado de oro.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 94] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 94].


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Azure, Fretty and Or.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Spot ink, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Ricardo de Mandeville.

Separador heráldico

William Bardolf

Azure, three Cinquefoils Or.

Guillermo Bardolf ~ William Bardolf ~ Willem Bardulf.

Azure, three Cinquefoils Or.

Escudo de azur, tres quinquefolios de or.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 223] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 223].


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Azure, Three, Cinquefoil, Or and Ordered.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Illuminated, Shaded, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Guillermo Bardolf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Thomas de Werblintone

Lozengy Or and Azure.

Thomas de Warbleton ~ Thomas de Werblintone.

Lozengy Or and Azure.

Escudo losanjado de oro y azur.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 245] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 245].


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Lozengy, Or and Azure.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Spot ink, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Tomás de Warbleton.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

John de Ladbrooke

Azure, a Chevron Ermine.

John de Ladbrooke ~ Joan de Lodbroke.

Azure, a Chevron Ermine.

Escudo de azur, un cabrio de armiños.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 662] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 662].


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Azure, One, Chevron and Ermine.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Illuminated, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Juan de Ladbrooke.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Dimidiation vs. impalement, comparative schema

Dimidiacion 12 Dimidiation Dimidiated jpg

Dimidiation~dimidiated vs impalement~impaled.


Blazon keywords: Azure, Argent and Dimidiated.

Style keywords: Outlined in sable.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Quesada Valles, Bartolomé

Sable, semé of Tulips Or; on a chief cousu Azure, two Crowns Or, in fess.

Sable, semé of Tulips Or; on a chief cousu Azure, two Crowns Or, in fess.

Escudo de sable, sembrado de tulipanes de oro; el jefe cosido de azur, dos coronas de oro, en faja.

The original design of this coat of arms, along with many others heraldic devices, is registered in [Salmerón Cabañas, A.; 2015a; page 11].


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Sable, Or, Azure, Chief, Cousu, Two, Crown, In fess, Semé and Tulip.

Style keywords: Watercolor, Semi-circular, Illuminated, Outlined in the field tincture and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Created and Personal.

Bearer: Quesada Valles, Bartolomé.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Val'Quirico, wreath an owl

Party per pale: 1 Azure, an Angel Argent, crowned, crined and vested Or holding an open Book Argent; 2 Or, three Horse's heads Sable, couped, in pale. Crest: Upon a Wreath Or and Azur, an Owl's head couped at the shoulders Or and beaked Argent. Motto «Club Ecuestre Val’Quirico».

Party per pale: 1 Azure, an Angel Argent, crowned, crined and vested Or holding an open Book Argent; 2 Or, three Horse's heads Sable, couped, in pale. Crest: Upon a Wreath Or and Azur, an Owl's head couped at the shoulders Or and beaked Argent. Motto «Club Ecuestre Val’Quirico».

Watercolour finish.

[Académie internationale d'héraldique; 1952; pages 38-39, picture 517] shows the translation torse or crest-wreath or wreath ~ burelete.


Blazon keywords: Party per pale, Azure, One, Angel, Argent, Crowned, Crown, Crined, Vested, Or, Charged, Book, Open, Three, Head, Horse, Sable, Couped, In pale, Crest, Wreath, Owl, Nascent, Beaked and Motto (identification).

Style keywords: Watercolor, Illuminated, Rounded, Outlined in the field tincture and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Created and Socioeconomic.

Bearer: Club Ecuestre Val'Quirico.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Yñigo-Genio, Elias

Or, six Fleurs de lis, three, two, one, five Gules and one in the middle of the chief Azure.

Or, six Fleurs de lis, three, two, one, five Gules and one in the middle of the chief Azure.

Arms interpreted using a semi-circular shape; tinctures metal or and colors gules and azur; the color sable for delineation; and a freehand finish.


Credits:

  • Rolando Yñigo-Genio is the creator of the coat of arms.
  • Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas is the author of the heraldic art.

Blazon keywords: Or, Six, Fleur de lis, Ordered, Three, two and one, Five, Gules, One, Azure and In the Middle of the chief.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Freehand and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Interpreted, Personal and Coat of arms.

Bearer: Yñigo-Genio, Elias.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Coat of arms of Noelia Yñigo-Genio

Or, a double Rose Gules and Argent, barbed Vert, and seeded Or within six Fleurs de lis in orle, five Gules and one in chief Azure.

Or, a double Rose Gules and Argent, barbed Vert, and seeded Or within six Fleurs de lis in orle, five Gules and one in chief Azure.

Escudo de oro, una rosa doble de gules y plata, barbada de sinople y botonada de oro, rodeada de seis flores de lis en orla, cinco de gules y una de azur en jefe.


Credits: Rolando Yñigo-Genio is the creator of the coat of arms and Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas is the author of the heraldic art.

Blazon keywords: Or, Double rose, Gules, Argent, Barbed, Vert, Seeded, Six, Fleur de lis, Orle, Five, One, Azure and In chief.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Iridescent, Outlined in sable and Illuminated.

Classification: Interpreted, Personal and Coat of arms.

Bearer: Yñigo-Genio, Noelia.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

ISCH Certification for Rolando Yñigo-Genio

YnigoGR 25 Isch Certification 259 jpg

The Commoners' Certification of Arms for Rolando Ýñigo-Genio, arms designed by him and emblazoned by me.

Or, six Fleurs de lis in orle, five Gules and one in chief Azure. Motto: «Vade Plvs Vltra».


Credits: Rolando Yñigo-Genio is the creator of the coat of arms and Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas is the author of the heraldic art.

Blazon keywords: Or, Six, Fleur de lis, Orle, Five, Gules, One, Azure, In chief and Motto (motivation).

Classification: Interpreted, Personal and Certification.

Bearer: Yñigo-Genio, Rolando.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Vittorio Gifra, pointed and rounded shield and crystalline finish

Paly of six Azure and Or; over all a bend Azure.

Palato d’azzurro e d’oro di sei pezzi, alla banda d’azzurro attraversante sul tutto.

Paly of six Azure and Or; over all a bend Azure.


Blazon keywords: Paly, Six, Azure, Or, Surmounted, Over all and Bend.

Style keywords: Pointed and rounded, Crystalline, Illuminated and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Gifra, Vittorio.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Carlos Vidriales, certification, pages 6 and 7

VidrialesC 32 Certificacion Paginas6y7 jpg

Arms of Carlos Vidriales García Bustamante painted by me in the Certification of the King of Arms of Castile and Leon Alfonso de Ceballos-Escalera and Gila, Marquess of La Floresta, Viscount of Ayala and grand of Spain. The image shows the pages 6 and 7 of this certification.


Credits:

  • Alfonso de Ceballos-Escalera y Gila is the author of the certification of arms.
  • Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas is the author of the heraldic art for the certified coat of arms.

Categories: Certification, Coat of arms, Interpreted, Personal, Semi-circular, Illuminated, Outlined in sable, Party per pale, Argent, Cross, Sable, Bordure, Motto (motivation), Or, Thirteen, Hurt, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Azure, Three, In pale, Four, Five, Chief, Fleur de lis, Lineage, Conjoined in fess, Decoration, Cross, Suspended and Base.

Root: Vidriales García y Bustamante, Carlos.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Vidriales, C. M.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metals argent and or and colours sable and azure; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metals argent and or and colours sable and azure; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.


Blazon keywords: Party per pale, Argent, Cross, Sable, Bordure, Motto (motivation), Or, Thirteen, Hurt, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Azure, Three, In pale, Four, Five, Chief, Fleur de lis, Label and Suspended.

Style keywords: Freehand, Semi-circular, Illuminated and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Vidriales, C. M..

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Vidriales, M. P.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metals argent and or and colours sable and azure; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metals argent and or and colours sable and azure; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.


Blazon keywords: Party per pale, Argent, Cross, Sable, Bordure, Motto (motivation), Or, Thirteen, Hurt, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Azure, Three, In pale, Four, Five, Chief, Fleur de lis, Cantoned and Martlet.

Style keywords: Freehand, Semi-circular, Illuminated and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Vidriales, M. P..

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Fernández-Cortés y Fonseca, Javier

Quarterly: 1 and 4 Azure, five Bezants in saltire; 2 and 3 Or, three hearts Gules ordered.

Quarterly: 1 and 4 Azure, five Bezants in saltire; 2 and 3 Or, three hearts Gules ordered.

Escudo cuartelado: 1o y 4o de azur, cinco bezantes de oro en sotuer; 2o y 3o de oro, tres corazones de gules ordenados.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metal or and colours azure and gules; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.


Blazon keywords: Quarterly, Azure, Five, Bezant, Bezant and plate, In saltire, Or, Three, Heart, Gules and Ordered.

Style keywords: Freehand, Semi-circular, Illuminated and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Fernández-Cortés y Fonseca, Javier.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Five hurts and five pommes

Riddle369 32 Hurts Pommes Question jpg

Transform the blazon «Or» into «Or, five Pommes in saltire» and the blazon «Argent» into «Argent, five Hurts in saltire» moving the pommes and hurts through both metals, without breaking the rule of tinctures.

You can change one charge by another one, but only once.

For example, if you change «Sable, a Bend Argent» by «Sable, a Pale Argent», then the Pommes can arrive to «Or» blazon. However, this is not a solution, because the Hurts cannot walk to «Argent» blazon.

Think before you move the cursor or click on the following link and see the solution.


Categories: Riddle, Pointed and rounded, Outlined in sable, Freehand, Or, Argent, Vert, Azure, Gules, Sable, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Hurt, Pomme, In saltire, Fess, Saltire, Bend sinister, Cross, Pale and Bend.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Five hurts and five pommes, solution

Riddle369 33 Hurts Pommes Answer jpg

For example, if you change «Azure, a Cross Argent» by «Azure, a Pall Argent», then the Pommes can arrive to «Or» blazon and the Hurts can arrive to «Argent» blazon. You can view both paths azure and vert in the following image.

Riddle369 35 Hurts Pommes Path Arrows jpg

Other solution is to change «Azure, a Cross Argent» by «Azure, a Bordure Argent».


Categories: Riddle solution, Pointed and rounded, Outlined in sable, Freehand, Or, Argent, Vert, Azure, Gules, Sable, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Hurt, Pomme, In saltire, Fess, Saltire, Bend sinister, Cross, Pale, Bend and Pall.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

9 coats of arms in the ballroom

Riddle369 22 Fleurdelisee 9CoatsOfArms jpg

There is a series of nine coats of arms in the ballroom of the castle:

  • Or, three Fleurs de lis Azure.
  • Azure, a Bendsinister Or.
  • Or, a Fleur de lis Azure.
  • Azure, a Cross Or.
  • Or, five Fleur de lis Azure in saltire.
  • Azure, a Fess Or.
  • Or, two Fleur de lis Azure in bend.
  • Azure, a Saltire Or.
  • Or, four Fleur de lis Azure.

There are so many Fleurs de lis that everyone, except the joker, calls it the «fleurdelisée» room. Nobody knows the reason why the joker says there is none, do you?

Think before you move the cursor or click on the following link and see the solution.


Categories: Riddle, Or, Azure, Fleur de lis, One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Bend sinister, Cross, Fess and Saltire.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

9 coats of arms in the ballroom, solution

Riddle369 24 Zero Fleurdelis 9CoatsOfArms jpg

Categories: Riddle solution, Pointed and rounded, Outlined in sable, Freehand, Or, Azure, Fleur de lis, One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Bend sinister, Cross, Fess and Saltire.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Israel

Azure, a Menorah between two olive branches Argent; in base the legend <br /> «ישראל» Argent.

Israel~ישראל.

Azure, a Menorah between two olive branches Argent; in base the legend
«ישראל» Argent.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a rounded and pointed shape; illuminated with metal argent and colour azur; outlined with sable; and a watercolour finish.


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Azure, Menorah, Argent, Or, Horse and Dragon.

Style keywords: Pointed and rounded, Illuminated, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted, Civic and State of Israel.

Bearer: Israel.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Ukraine

Azure, a Tryzub Or.

Trident~Tryzub.

Azure, a Tryzub Or.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a rounded and pointed shape; illuminated with metals or and colour azure; outlined with sable; and a watercolour finish.


Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Azure, Trident and Or.

Style keywords: Pointed and rounded, Illuminated, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted, Civic and State of Ukraine.

Bearer: Ukraine.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Castilian castle

A Castle Or, triple towered, embattled, port and windows Azure, and masoned Sable.

A Castle Or, triple towered, embattled, port and windows Azure, and masoned Sable.

Un castillo de oro, aclarado de azur, mazonado de sable.

Some of the characteristics of the Castilian castle are specified in the coat of arms in English, for example, «triple towered, embattled», but they are omitted in the Spanish blason, because the Spanish blason considered that the Castilian castle can not be otherwise. These local characteristics, that decades ago were not necessary to specify, could begin to have to be in this global and interconnected heraldic world. [Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2009a] describe the different characteristics between the Castilian, the French, and the English castles among others.


Blazon keywords: Castle, Or, Port and windows, Azure, Masoned and Sable.

Style keywords: Freehand.

Classification: Schema.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Bedgood, Alvin J.

Gyronny Azure and Argent, a Sun in splendour between three Ancient coronets Or.

Gyronny Azure and Argent, a Sun in splendour between three Ancient coronets Or.

Illuminated and metal finishing.


Blazon keywords: Gironny, Azure, Argent, Sun in splendour, Between, Three, Ancient coronet and Or.

Style keywords: Metal beaten, Outlined in sable and Illuminated.

Classification: Personal, Interpreted and Coat of arms.

Bearer: Bedgood, Alvin J..

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Full achievement of the Milian family

Tierced per bend: 1 vairy Or and Azure; 2 Azure, two Ships in full sail, in bend, Argent; 3 Or, four bars wavy Azure. Crest: Upon a Helm Argent with a Wreath Argent and Azure a demi Red fox rampant proper, grasping dexter four wheat spikes Or. Mantling: Azure doubled Or. Motto: «Ignis Aurum Probat».

Tierced per bend: 1 vairy Or and Azure; 2 Azure, two Ships in full sail, in bend, Argent; 3 Or, four bars wavy Azure. Crest: Upon a Helm Argent with a Wreath Argent and Azure a demi Red fox rampant proper, grasping dexter four wheat spikes Or. Mantling: Azure doubled Or. Motto: «Ignis Aurum Probat».

Illuminated and rough finishing.


Blazon keywords: Tierced per bend, Vairy, Or, Azure, Two, Ship, Argent, In bend, Four, Fess, Wavy, Crest, Helm, Mantling, Wreath, Fox, Rampant, Proper, Dexter, Wheat, Wheat spike and Motto (motivation).

Style keywords: Rough, Outlined in sable, Illuminated and Semi-circular.

Classification: Personal, Created and Coat of arms.

Bearer: Milian, family.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Stauffenberg, Claus von

Argent, a Fess Gules between two Lions passant Azure, langued Gules.

Argent, a Fess Gules between two Lions passant Azure, langued Gules.

I have interpreted this coat of arms with a semi-circular shape; tintures argent, gules, and azure; outlined with sable; and a iridiscent finishing.


Blazon keywords: Argent, One, Fess, Gules, Between, Two, Lion passant, Azure and Langued.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Iridescent and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Interpreted, Personal and Coat of arms.

Bearer: Stauffenberg, Claus von.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Working process for Brady Brim-DeForest

This is my working process to emblazon the coat of arms of Brady Brim-DeForest granted by the Court of the Lord Lyon in Scotland. The visible surface Gules is twice the Argent surface, therefore, the Argent surface is 1/3 of the surface of the coat of arms.

Parted per chevron Gules and Argent, two Acorns slipped Or and in base a Fleur de lis Azure.

Parted per chevron Gules and Argent, two Acorns slipped Or and in base a Fleur de lis Azure.


Blazon keywords: Gules, Parted per chevron, Argent, In chief, Two, Acorn, Slipped, Leaved, Or, In base, One, Fleur de lis and Azure.

Style keywords: Freehand, Outlined in sable, Spot ink and Illuminated.

Classification: Schema and Interpreted.

Bearer: Brim-DeForest, Brady.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Anonymous; 1800a

Anonymous, «Armerías de España», 124 double pages, title in the page 9, provenance Duke of Osuna and Infantado, 1800.

Surnames Rondinos, Rojas - Roxas, Rozas, Ruas, Ruanes, Rubios, Ruedas

Content

The book has no index and its content, written by hand, is as follows:

  • Pages 1 through 8 are blank.
  • On page 9, title, the letter A begins and surnames Abarca, Abendaño, Abeo, Ablitas and Abrego in large handwritten and the blazon in small handwritten (except for the end of the book on page 123, the unknown author seems to write more about surnames than about lineages).
  • On page 10, the surnames with the letter A continue and their blazon both in small handwritten.
  • On page 23, the letter B begins, its surnames and their blazons, for example, the Barrasas, in the page 25, «Or, six Lions proper, combatant».
  • On page 30, the letter C begins, it is followed by the letter Z on page 42, 29 surnames with Z was written before the letter D and Cocas and Cuacas, with the letter C, are inserted inside the letter Z.
  • It follows in alphabetical order of surnames from page 46, where the letter D begins, to page 97 with the letter S, including in the S the surname Sánchez on page 99, as a lineage will be included at the end of the book, and it follows with the letter S until the page 104.
  • On page 105 the letter T begins, surname Tabixas, Taboadas, Tafuxes, ...
  • On page 109 jump from the letter T to the letter V, with the surnames Vacas, Vadillos,... and skipping the letter U.
  • On page 119, it returns from letter V to U, in an unordered manner and without including the title with the capital letter U.
  • On page 120, begins the letter X and also the letter Y.
  • On page 122, the letter Z and only 3 additional surnames with Z, recall that the majority of the surnames with Z were included after the letter C.
  • On page 123 he returns to the surname Sánchez by testimony of Pedro de Soto owner of the books of Armory of Spain of Andreas Heredia, King of Arms, and finally the unknown author copies the text for the surname Sánchez, those who were «hijosdalgos, en Cangas de Gobadonga» ~ Covadonga of Asturias and ends with a poem of 8 verses. Andreas Heredia, also known as Andrés Heredia, was King of Arms during the reign of Philip III of Spain, [Nieto y Cortadellas, R.; 1957a; Page 4]
  • Beginning on page 124 are blank.

Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: Manuscript, In black and white and Castilian language.

Author: unknown.

External resources:

Internal resources: Osuna1800.ArmeriaEspaña.Manuscrito.pdf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

García Carraffa, A.; García Carraffa, A.; 1968

Alberto García Carraffa y Arturo García Carraffa, with the colaboration of Armando de Fluviá y Escorsa, «El Solar Catalán, Valenciano y Balear», 4 volumes, Volume I Abad-Cebrián, 443 pages, Volume II Celma-Malda, 449 pages, Volume III Malendric-Quirant, 425 pages, Volume IV Rabasa-Zenarbe y apéndice, 516 pages, 1st edition, Heraldic Collection, edited by Librería Internacional, San Sebastián, 1968.

First edition, Heraldic Collection, 1968

Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Castilian language and Black and white with color plates.

Authors: García Carraffa, Alberto and García Carraffa, Arturo.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

Internal resources: Paper book.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Pennick, N.; 2015

Nigel Pennick, «Pagan Magic of the Northern Tradition: Customs, Rites, and Ceremonies», edited by Simon and Schuster, publicado por Destiny Books, ISBN.13 9781620553909, ISBN.10 1620553902, alternative ISBN.13 9781620553893, 352 pages, New York, 21th of May of 2015


On page 119, Nigel Pennick wrote «According to Aristotelian precepts, each of the metals and tinctures», maybe he should have written heraldic term color, «possesses a spiritual virtue related to a particular planetary sphere. Or signifies and relates to the Sun; Argent, the Moon; Sable, Saturn; Azure, Jupiter; Gules, Mars; Vert, Venus; and Purpure, Mercury».


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

The author is Pennick, Nigel.

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Rabbow, A.; 1999

European origin three lions ~ Origen europeo tres leones

Arnold Rabbow, «The Origin of the Royal Arms of England - a European Connection», Coat of Arms, COA, An Heraldic Quarterly Magazine, número 186, The Heraldry Society, Baldock, Hertfordshire, verano de 1999.


This bibliographical reference is illustrated wit the coat of arms of the Kingdom of England interpreted by me with the with a semi-circle shape.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

The author is Rabbow, Arnold.

External resource:

Internal resources: RabbowA1999.OriginRoyalArmsEnglandEuropeanConnection.docx.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

The Heraldry Society; 2013

The Heraldry Society, Education Pack, A brief explanation of Heraldry

The Heraldry Society, «Education Pack, A brief explanation of Heraldry for teachers together with explanatory sheets and templates for students», Baldock, Hertfordshire, 2013.


This bibliographical reference is illustrated with the quartered coat of arms of The Heraldry Society.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

The author is The Heraldry Society.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External resource:

Internal resources: TheHeraldrySociety2013.EducationPack.pdf.

 

Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, 7th floor,
28046 Madrid, Spain.