Escudo de Castilla y León

B. Quesada, video of the blazon

This video shows the ideation of this coat of arms step by step, its field, chief cousu, figures, motto and it supporter. The music is «Sonata No. 8 in G major – 1. Allegro» of Ludwig van Beethoven interpreted by Paul Rosenthal, violin, and Edward Auer, piano, available under an «Open Audio License».

Credits: Paul Rosenthal violin performance and Edward Auer piano performance.

Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Sable, Or, Azure, Chief, Two, Crown, In fess, Semé, Tulip, Vert, Tree, Eradicated, Supporter (thing), Motto (motivation) and Scroll.

Style keywords: Semi-circular, Illuminated, Outlined in the field tincture, Outlined in sable and Cousu.

Classification: Video, Created and Personal.

Bearer: Quesada Valles, Bartolomé.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Pictorial evolution and influences

My artistic evolution can be classified into three 3 major phases, each of them marked by the influence of a particular school. These three stages, in turn, made their own contributions to my current heraldic production:

  • Pop Art: At the beginning of the 1980s, most of my initial work was tuned to the Pop Art. From there comes my interest in the representation of objects, the use of spot and basic colors, the production oriented to its graphic reproduction, the use of mixed techniques and the principles of clarity and cleanliness, so present in my current production. At the end of this stage I start to work on thick, but delicate, coated paper of the base color of the table on which I apply colors and textures by adding elements of color or by the destruction of the base itself.
  • Artista03 26 Evolucion jpg Geometric abstraction and abstract expressionism: During the 2nd half of the 80's, my art evolves towards geometric abstraction in the line and to abstract expressionism in the color. Since then I base my painting in the two-dimensionality of the plane, the use of simple shapes, in harmonies with or without symmetries or with apparent symmetries, reinforcing the use of basic colors: yellow, red, blue, sometimes with white as a neutral background and black as a delimiter, which is the purest tradition of Heraldry.
  • Surrealism and symbolism: Both two previous stages converged at the beginning of the 90s with my surreal and symbolic background to produce, during the following two decades, hundreds of automatic painting works in ink and watercolor characterized by a series of personal characteristics. Undoubtedly this evolution marks my current heraldic production. For example, the patterns inside the mantling of my shields are made with the mind of automatic state or the overall assembly of the heraldic work where symbolism is a constant. At this stage I usually use Fabriano paper of 300 grams, usually 100% cotton, liquid ink pens to favor speed, Vallejo (brand) liquid watercolors and, sometimes, as a complement, paste watercolors Winsor & Newton.
Artista03 27 RosaSietePetalos jpg
Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2012a

Luis Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, «El Hombre en la Heráldica», 2012.

I received this article directly from the author, to whom I am grateful for his kind submission. I consider it a preliminary and preparatory work for his later article [Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2012b; pages 24-27].

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

The author is Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, Luis.

Internal resources: ValeroBernabeL2012.ElHombreEnLaHeraldica.RevistaHidalgos.pdf article personally sent to me by the author.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2012b

Luis Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, «Las Figuras Humanas en la Heráldica», Magazine of the Real Asociación de Hidalgos de España, «La Gacetilla de Hidalgos de España», number 530, pages 24, 25, 26 y 27. Madrid, Spring 2012.

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

The author is Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, Luis.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Internal resources: ValeroBernabeL2012.530.RevistaCompleta.pdf.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Stych, F. S.; 1722

The Flow Chart Method and Heraldic Enquiries

F. S. Stych, University of Sheffield, «The Flow Chart Method and Heraldic Enquiries» RQ, volume 6, number 4, pages 169-174, published by American Library Association, Chicago, summer of 1967.

This article describes, using a flowchart, a method to identify the holder of a coat of arms. This method is applicable to the armories of the United Kingdom, as it follows their heraldic norms and most important sources. One of the target readers of the article are librarians who, finding coats of arms in books, plates, ex libris, etc., need to classify them.

The most notable aspect of the article is the 1967 flowchart, which is shown in the image above. This image has been extracted, cleaned, and enhanced from the original diagram contained at the end of the article. Note that some functions appear repeated within the scheme, such as, «Check families listed in Anson, etc. in Burke's General Armory. Arms found?» which, in turn, is represented with a task rectangle, when it really is a rectangle containing a question, a bifurcation, which should be a diamond «Arms found?», that is, it has been represented by a rectangle what should have been represented by a rectangle and a diamond. This same issue occurs in other processes and is probably due to not complicating the flowchart further.

Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Author: Stych, F. S..

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León


SalmeronA 27 o11 Sombreado Rugoso jpg

Dr. A. Salmerón

The copyright of the images, drawings, compositions or accompanying texts displayed on this site, or in its associated heraldry domains, and which are the product of the creation of new coats of arms or the interpretation of already existing coats of arms corresponds to its author Antonio Salmerón Cabañas who is, in turn, the proprietor

The copyright of each work is protected by its corresponding registration of intellectual property. Antonio Salmerón Cabañas is also the author of propiedad intelectual.

Antonio Salmerón Cabañas is also the author of:

all of which is protected and protected by the laws of intellectual and industrial property.

It is not allowed to copy, use or reproduce these images, drawings, compositions or texts without the express authorization of the author and, more importantly, always respecting the rights of the holders of the coats and blasons as specified in the article called ownership of blazons and coats of arms.

Kevin McLeod's music

Kevin MacLeod ( is the author of the musical compositions of some videos. He has the generosity to license it through «Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0» ( and both here and in the credits of all these videos this generosity is attributed. Although this license permits modification of the work, these soundtracks are the originals of Kevin MacLeod.

Fonts by Pia Frauss

The wonderful fonts shown in and some of its documents in PDF format have the rights of Dr. Marianne Steinbauer ( who personally authorized me to use them, from here my most sincere gratitude.

Historical documents

They can also be found in and in its associated heraldry domains images and compositions that contain parts or clippings of armorials, heraldic books, or heraldic pieces with centuries of antiquity and, therefore, already in public domain.

Credits of the articles

In addition to the copyrights mentioned in the previous sections, The following list shows the credits of the coats of arms, photographs or other heraldic objects that appear in some articles of

Although this list does not intend to be exhaustive, I try to maintain it the most updated and complete as possible and I will be happy to make the inclusions or appropriate modifications that are communicated to me.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Nisbet, A.; 1722

Alexander Nisbet, System of Heraldry, 1722, coat of arms

Alexander Nisbet, «System of Heraldry Speculative and Practical: With the True Art of Blazon», subtitle «according to the most approved heralds in Europe: illustrated with suitable examples of armoria figures, and achievements of the most considerable surnames and families in Scotland, together with historical and genealogical memorials relative thereto», printed by J. MackEuen, Edinburgh, 1722.

This is the very 1st edition of this book and I consult the edition [Nisbet, A.; 1816].

Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Author: Nisbet, Alexander.

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

External link:

Separador heráldico

Sigue por: Nisbet, A.; 1816.


Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, 7th floor,
28046 Madrid, Spain.